United Nations Climate Change Conference 2011, Durban, South Africa


Live report by Sikander Sabeer from Durban City

A side event on possible outcome of Durban Summit conducted

by eminent researchers and politicians in DEC.

As observers we saw negotiations run on the two tracks: Kyoto Protocol and the Long term Cooperative Action. Still there is no any clear picture on the survival of KP. 37 Industrialized countries along with EU committed to cut down average of 5% of GHG against 1990 reference level in 11th of December 2011 in Kyoto City, Japan and KP is only legally binding agreement under the convention. The first commitment period ends on 2012 and so far only few countries have achieved their targets. Japan, Canada and Russia clearly announced that they are not want to undertake the second commitment and EU agrees second commitment. In Durban first week we clearly saw that the developed country shifting the burden from developed country to developing country. Secondly the negotiators are discussing about Long term Cooperative Action. China is willing go for legally binding agreement in 2020….but, the question is “Is it too late?” Durban summit is a milestone event for operationalization of Green Climate Fund (GCF). The objective is to bailout $100 Billion per year to developing country by 2020 and by 2012 $ 30 Billion will bailout each year under fast start finance mechanism. Apart from these main key issues, equity in sharing sustainable development space, the intellectual property-technology transfer link, and dangers of unilateral trade measures also will be figured in Durban.
Prof. Ragendra P. the chairman of IPCC addressed the gathering on some of the prediction of the latest assessment report of IPCC extreme Weather and Climatic condition. He said “Heat waves, Increasing precipitation events, Intensive rain, and extreme sea level rise will be some of the common impact of the global climatic change”
A side event conducted by Centre of Science and Environment justice, India; the event highlighted the best available scientific knowledge for reducing the global emissions on the basis of equitable access to sustainable development. Indian environmental minster could not give a clear picture about the legally binding agreement in future; India might go for a legally binding Carbon Cut in an EQUITY base conceptual phenomena. Still there is no any clear picture on this scenario.