Collaboration Needed In Science Communication
Effective science communication requires more collaboration between researchers, communications officers and journalists. This was one of the key messages in a 2-day science reporting workshop, held on 5-6 May 2017,jointly organised by theUnited Nations University Institute for Natural Resources in Africa (UNU-INRA), the United Nations University Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (UNU-MERIT),Netherlandsand the United Nations Information Centre (UNIC), Accra. The workshop, dubbed “Reach & Turn” aimed to helpbridge the gap between science communication and science journalism.
The first day of the workshop emphasised the need to communicate research findings not only to scientists but also to policy makers and the general public in a clear, compelling, non-technical and inclusive language. Itencouraged researchers to consider policy makers and the general public as part of the target audience for theirresearch activitiesand putresearch findings in formats that are easily accessible to these audience.The participants were urged to try and use different communication productssuch as policy briefs, factsheets, blogs and channels like social media platforms to communicate key research findings to non-experts.
To facilitate the communication efforts, Dr. Elias T. Ayuk, Director of UNU-INRA, in his welcome address,admonished researchers not to make communication an afterthought of research projects. He said “involving communication officers at the inception of research projects is very important as thiswill give themthe opportunity to understand projects better and work with researchers to share information on the project throughout the research cycle”.Presentations at the workshop highlighted how best to write, pitch and present research information to non-scientists.
The discussions on the second day of the workshop focused on howcommunication officers and journalistscan take advantage of the new media landscape to widely disseminate research findings to the benefit of the general public. The participants discussed the importance of citizen journalism, which has to do with reporting of issues or news events by members of the public using various media platforms. The workshop laid emphasis on how this concept of citizen journalism can be used especially by researchers to share information onresearch activities with journalists and the general public.The participants also discussed the principles of advocacy, with focus on environmental advocacy, where they identified the need to have media campaigns on environmental issues on continuous basis till there is a change in public attitudes.
For the participants, it was a great experience and the knowledge gained will impact positively on their work. “Now, I will start thinking about how to clearly communicate my research findings in simple terms to the benefit of the general public and I hope to share this experience with my colleagues at work,”remarked Dr.Timothy Khan Aikins, a researcher from the University for Development Studies, Ghanaand a participant.
The two-day workshop brought together 50 participants comprising researchers, communication officers and journalists from Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Rwanda and Togo. The aim of bringing these categories of participants together was to give them the opportunity to work with each other and to see science communication and science journalism from each other’s perspective.