United Nations’ Update On Climate Change

Tharushi Fernando

September 21, 2023


The twenty-first century has also been on tackling climate change, the need for  a rapid transformation. Since the Paris agreement signed in 2015, a massive progress has been made by all attached countries but now the UN is calling for “a scale up”.

The target should be “radical decarbonisation” with a fast phase out of fossil fuels without carbon capture. The use of fossil fuels like oil, gas and coal to generate electricity emits carbon dioxide needs to be eliminated. Renewable energy also needs significant expansion while deforestation needs to be halted and reversed by 2030.

Over the course of the past few years, the UN has set out to review the promises made by countries who signed the Paris agreement in 2015, the main aim to keep global temperature rise below 2 °C and thereafter to keep it under 1.5 °C. However, at present droughts have hit many parts of the world leading to a  temperature rise. This means that every aspect of our societies needs to change. Therefore, countries should come up with strategies to combat the rise in temperatures.  One new imitative, is electric vehicles “offer the greatest mitigation potential” in the transport sector, according to the report which also underlines the fact that shifting to climate friendly, healthy diets, reducing food waste and fostering sustainable agriculture can make a significant difference to limiting emissions.